The third Dutch-born astronaut and second Dutch citizen to have been to space is André Kuipers. He was born 5 October 1958 in Amsterdam.
Kuipers, unlike his two predecessors, was launched by a Soyuz spacecraft: Soyuz TMA-4. He served as flight engineer. During his eleven-day trip towards the International Space Station (ISS), he conducted twenty-one experiments on a wide range of subjects.
Kuipers’s second mission was ISS Expedition 30 (as Flight Engineer 4); he also participated in ISS Expedition 31 (as Flight Engineer 1). He was launched from Baikonur on 21 December 2011 and returned on 1 July 2012